The Top 10 BJJ Techniques Every Grappler Should Master
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is often referred to as the "gentle art," but it's anything but gentle on the mat. BJJ is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on ground fighting and submission techniques. It's a physically demanding and mentally challenging discipline that requires practitioners to master a variety of techniques to gain an advantage over their opponents. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced grappler, here are the top 10 BJJ techniques that every practitioner should aim to master.
1. The Guard
The guard is one of the fundamental positions in BJJ. It's the foundation of many other techniques and a defensive position that allows you to control your opponent from the bottom. Understanding the different types of guards, such as closed guard, open guard, and spider guard, is crucial for any grappler.
2. The Mount
The mount is one of the dominant positions in BJJ. It involves sitting on your opponent's chest while controlling their arms and maintaining a strong base. Mastering the mount allows you to control the fight and set up various submission opportunities.
3. The Side Control
Side control is another dominant position that gives you control over your opponent. From here, you can transition into submissions like armlocks and chokes. Being proficient in side control allows you to maintain top control and apply pressure to your opponent.
4. The Kimura
The Kimura is a versatile shoulder lock that can be applied from various positions, including side control and guard. It's a highly effective submission technique that can put significant pressure on your opponent's shoulder joint.
5. The Rear Naked Choke
The Rear Naked Choke is one of the most famous submissions in BJJ. It involves wrapping your arms around your opponent's neck and applying pressure to cut off their blood supply to the brain. This technique can lead to a quick and effective submission.
6. The Armbar
The armbar is a joint lock that targets the elbow joint. It can be executed from a variety of positions, including the guard, the mount, and side control. Mastering the armbar allows you to threaten your opponent with a powerful submission at any moment.
7. The Triangle Choke
The triangle choke is a versatile and highly effective submission that involves trapping your opponent's head and arm with your legs. It can be applied from the guard position and other scenarios, making it a crucial technique for any grappler.
8. The Sweep
Sweeps are essential techniques in BJJ that allow you to reverse a disadvantaged position and gain the upper hand. Various types of sweeps, such as the scissor sweep and flower sweep, are valuable tools for grapplers, helping them transition from the bottom to the top position.
9. The Takedown
While BJJ primarily focuses on ground fighting, having strong takedown skills is important for controlling the flow of the match. Mastering takedowns like the single-leg, double-leg, and hip throw can give you a significant advantage in competitions.
10. The Guard Pass
Guard passing is the art of moving through your opponent's legs and establishing a dominant position. A skilled guard passer can negate an opponent's guard and transition into positions like side control and mount, setting the stage for submission opportunities.
It's important to note that these are just a few of the many techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. While mastering these techniques is a great starting point, BJJ is a constantly evolving martial art, and there is always more to learn. Additionally, effective BJJ is not just about technique but also about timing, leverage, and understanding your opponent's reactions.
To become a well-rounded and successful grappler, it's essential to train consistently, spar with different partners, and seek guidance from experienced instructors. As you progress in your BJJ journey, you'll develop your own style and preferences, refining your techniques and adding more advanced moves to your arsenal. Remember, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a lifelong pursuit, and there's always room for improvement and growth on the mats.